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|著者 ||:||伊山, 聡子|
|要約(Abstract) ||:||【Purpose】:The level of self-efficacy of nurses
is believed to be lower compared to other professionals. In the present study, previous quantitative studies on the self-efficacy of different professionals were reviewed to examine the characteristics of self-efficacy in those specialists and identify support methods to increase the self-efficacy of nurses.【Methods】: A search using Ichushi identified references involving 337 professionals published over the past ten years, and quantitative studies were extracted. For data analyses, a comparison of the scores of the following scales was conducted : the scale adopted by the author, General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES), and Generalized Self-Efficacy (SE) Scale, and the characteristics of self-efficacy in different types of professional were extracted from the descriptions of papers. 【Results and Discussion】: The number of papers on self-efficacy published in 2010 was the largest of the past ten years. Most of the previous studies involved nurses and other health care professionals, and no papers focused on the selfefficacy of other professionals except for nursery teachers. The GSES and SE scores received by nurses were lower than the mean scores for females involved in non-health care work as well as physical and occupational therapists.
According to the literature on nursery teachers, working environments for nursery teachers and nurses are considered to have similarities. The results suggest that it is necessary to increase self-efficacy in a variety of situations.【Conclusion】: Since most of the scales adopted by previous studies to assess self-efficacy were originally developed ones,an accurate comparison of the levels of self-efficacy among different professionals could not be conducted. However, as self-efficacy was associated with occupational stress and mental health in all professions, it may play important roles in the provision of support to encourage people to continue to work.|