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Title :ワーキングメモリの観点からみた児童の漢字のつまずきの分析
Authors :丹野, 優
干川, 隆
Issue Date :19-Dec-2017
Citation jtitle :熊本大学教育学部紀要
vol. :66
start page :133
end page :143
Abstract :The purpose of this study was to examine the background of the difficulties faced by students in learning Kanji by using tasks of episodic buffer added using a standardized working memory test battery (WMTB)to measure the capacity of binding memory. In the first study,the authors examined how accurately the development of working memory could be measured using the WMTB for students for first through sixth graders at elementary schools. In the second study, the authors compared the differences among students with learning disabilities (LD), students with typical development who had difficulties in learning Kanji (Difficulty), and students with typical development who had no difficulties in learning Kanji (Typical Development), using the WMTB that the authors reexamined. Subsequently, the authors guessed the backgrounds of children with difficulties in learning Kanji. As a result,students with Typical Development were shown to be affected by the central executive system. Conversely, the episodic buffer, as well as the central execution system, was shown to affect students with Difficulty and those with LD. These results lend themselves to the inference that implementing the reexamined WMTB makes it possible to measure working memory capacity in a short time. The validation of the influence of the central executive system and the episodic buffer makes it possible to identify students who are potentially at risk of developing difficulties in learning Kanji and to intervene at an early stage.
Type Local :紀要論文
ISSN :21881871
Publisher :熊本大学
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/2298/38887
Appears in Collections:Memoirs of the Faculty of Education, Kumamoto University
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2298/38887